Sado Estuary Nature Reserve
The RNES (Natural Reserve of the Sado Estuary) was established on October 1st in 1980.
Its creation was due primarily to the botanical and fauna interest of this vast body of water, with specific objectives of maintaining the natural vocation of the estuary, development activities consistent with the balance of the estuarine ecosystem, the correct use of resources, the defense cultural or scientific order of values and the promotion of outdoor recreation.
It covers an area of 23,160 hectares consisting on estuarine waters, flood plains, dunes and sea and river beaches, encompassing enclave of Alcacer do Sal municipalities, Grândola, Palmela and Setúbal.
The reserve is included in the list of International Importance Wetlands (Ramsar Convention), since May 7, 1996, and is a Special Protection Area (SPA) for birds since 23 September 1999. More than 80% of the area of reserve is also covered by the Sado site of the Natura 2000 network.